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SQL Anywhere 11.0.0 » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Reference » Using SQL » SQL language elements



Identifiers are names of objects in the database, such as user IDs, tables, and columns.


Identifiers have a maximum length of 128 bytes. They must be enclosed in double quotes or square brackets if any of the following conditions are true:

  • The identifier contains spaces.
  • The first character of the identifier is not an alphabetic character (as defined below).
  • The identifier contains a reserved word.
  • The identifier contains characters other than alphabetic characters and digits.

Alphabetic characters include the alphabet, as well as the underscore character (_), at sign (@), number sign (#), and dollar sign ($). The database collation sequence dictates which characters are considered alphabetic or digit characters.

The following characters are not permitted in identifiers:

  • Double quotes
  • Control characters (any character less than 0x20)
  • Backslashes

If the quoted_identifier database option is set to Off, double quotes are used to delimit SQL strings and cannot be used for identifiers. However, you can always use square brackets to delimit identifiers, regardless of the setting of quoted_identifier. The default setting for the quoted_identifier option is to Off for Open Client and jConnect connections; otherwise the default is On.

See also

The following are all valid identifiers.