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SQL Anywhere 11.0.1 » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Usage » Querying and Modifying Data » Using subqueries » Optimizer automatic conversion of subqueries to joins


Subquery that follows a comparison operator

A subquery that follows a comparison operator (=, >, <, >=, <=, !=, <>, !>, !<) is called a comparison. The optimizer converts these subqueries to joins provided that the subquery:

  • returns exactly one value for each row of the main query.

  • does not contain a GROUP BY clause

  • does not contain the keyword DISTINCT

  • is not a UNION query

  • is not an aggregate query


Suppose the request "When were Suresh's products ordered, and by which sales representative?" were phrased as the subquery

SELECT OrderDate, SalesRepresentative
FROM SalesOrders
WHERE CustomerID = (
   FROM Customers
   WHERE GivenName = 'Suresh' );

This query satisfies the criteria, and therefore, it would be converted to a query using a join:

SELECT OrderDate, SalesRepresentative
FROM SalesOrders, Customers
WHERE CustomerID=Customers.ID AND 
  ( Surname = 'Clarke' OR GivenName = 'Suresh' );

However, the request, "Find the products whose in-stock quantities are less than double the average ordered quantity" cannot be converted to a join, as the subquery contains the AVG aggregate function:

SELECT Name, Description
FROM Products
WHERE Quantity <  2 * (
   SELECT AVG( Quantity )
   FROM SalesOrderItems );