Click here to view and discuss this page in DocCommentXchange. In the future, you will be sent there automatically.

SQL Anywhere 11.0.1 (Français) » SQL Anywhere Server - Database Administration » Configuring Your Database » Database options » Introduction to database options » Alphabetical list of options

 

login_procedure option [database]

Specifies a login procedure that sets connection compatibility options at startup.

Allowed values

String

Default

sp_login_environment system procedure

Scope

DBA authority required.

Remarks

This login procedure calls the sp_login_environment procedure at run time to determine the database connection settings. The login procedure is called after all the checks have been performed to verify that the connection is valid. The procedure specified by the login_procedure option is not executed for event connections.

You can customize the default database option settings by creating a new procedure and setting login_procedure to call the new procedure. This custom procedure needs to call either sp_login_environment or detect when a TDS connection occurs (see the default sp_login_environment code) and call sp_tsql_environment directly. Failure to do so can break TDS-based connections. You should not edit either sp_login_environment or sp_tsql_environment.

A password expired error message with SQLSTATE 08WA0 can be signaled by a user defined login procedure to indicate to a user that their password has expired. Signaling the error allows applications to check for the error and process expired passwords. It is recommended that you use a login policy to implement password expiry and not a login procedure that returns the expired password error message.

If you use the NewPassword=* connection parameter, signaling this error is required for the client libraries to prompt for a new password. If the procedure signals SQLSTATE 28000 (invalid user ID or password) or SQLSTATE 08WA0 (expired password), or the procedure raises an error with RAISERROR, the login fails and an error is returned to the user. If you signal any other error or if another error occurs, then the user login is successful and a message is written to the database server message log.

See also
Example

The following example shows how you can disallow a connection by signaling the INVALID_LOGON error.

CREATE PROCEDURE DBA.login_check( )
   BEGIN
      DECLARE INVALID_LOGON EXCEPTION FOR SQLSTATE '28000';
      // Allow a maximum of 3 concurrent connections
      IF( DB_PROPERTY( 'ConnCount' ) > 3 ) THEN
          SIGNAL INVALID_LOGON;
      ELSE
          CALL sp_login_environment;
      END IF;
   END
go

GRANT EXECUTE ON DBA.login_check TO PUBLIC
go

SET OPTION PUBLIC.login_procedure='DBA.login_check'
go

For more information about an alternate way to disallow connections, see RAISERROR statement.

The following example shows how you can block connection attempts if the number of failed connections for a user exceeds 3 within a 30 minute period. All blocked attempts during the block out period receive an invalid password error and are logged as failures. The log is kept long enough for a DBA to analyze it.

CREATE TABLE DBA.ConnectionFailure(
    pk INT PRIMARY KEY DEFAULT AUTOINCREMENT,
    user_name CHAR(128) NOT NULL,
    tm TIMESTAMP NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT TIMESTAMP
)
go 

CREATE INDEX ConnFailTime ON DBA.ConnectionFailure(
    user_name, tm )
go 

CREATE EVENT ConnFail TYPE ConnectFailed
HANDLER
BEGIN
    DECLARE usr CHAR(128);
    SET usr = event_parameter( 'User' );

    // Put a limit on the number of failures logged.
    IF (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM DBA.ConnectionFailure
        WHERE user_name = usr
        AND tm >= DATEADD( minute, -30,
            CURRENT TIMESTAMP )) < 20 THEN
        INSERT INTO DBA.ConnectionFailure( user_name )
            VALUES( usr );
        COMMIT;
        // Delete failures older than 7 days.
        DELETE DBA.ConnectionFailure
        WHERE user_name = usr
        AND tm < dateadd( day, -7, CURRENT TIMESTAMP );
        COMMIT;
    END IF;
END
go

CREATE PROCEDURE DBA.login_check( )
BEGIN
    DECLARE usr CHAR(128);
    DECLARE INVALID_LOGON EXCEPTION FOR SQLSTATE '28000';
    SET usr = CONNECTION_PROPERTY( 'Userid' );
    // Block connection attempts from this user
    // if 3 or more failed connection attempts have occurred
    // within the past 30 minutes.
    IF ( SELECT COUNT( * ) FROM DBA.ConnectionFailure
        WHERE user_name = usr
        AND tm >= DATEADD( minute, -30,
            CURRENT TIMESTAMP ) ) >= 3 THEN
        SIGNAL INVALID_LOGON;
    ELSE
        CALL sp_login_environment;
    END IF;
END
go

GRANT EXECUTE ON DBA.login_check TO PUBLIC
go

SET OPTION PUBLIC.login_procedure='DBA.login_check'
go

The following example shows how to signal the Password has expired message. It is recommended that you use a login policy to implement password expiry notification.

CREATE PROCEDURE DBA.check_expired_login( )
BEGIN
  DECLARE PASSWORD_EXPIRED EXCEPTION FOR SQLSTATE '08WA0';

  IF( condition-to-check-for-expired-password ) THEN
      SIGNAL PASSWORD_EXPIRED;
  ELSE
      CALL sp_login_environment;
  END IF;
END;

For information about login policies, see Managing login policies overview.