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SQL Anywhere 11.0.1 (Français) » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Reference » Using SQL » SQL statements » SQL statements (P-Z)

 

SET DESCRIPTOR statement [ESQL]

Use this statement to describe the variables in a SQL descriptor area and to place data into the descriptor area.

Syntax
SET DESCRIPTOR descriptor-name
{ COUNT = { integer | hostvar }
| VALUE { integer | hostvar } assignment, ... }
assignment :
{ TYPE | SCALE | PRECISION | LENGTH | INDICATOR }
     = { integer | hostvar }
| DATA = hostvar
descriptor-name : identifier
Remarks

The SET DESCRIPTOR statement is used to describe the variables in a descriptor area, and to place data into the descriptor area.

The SET ... COUNT statement sets the number of described variables within the descriptor area. The value for count must not exceed the number of variables specified when the descriptor area was allocated.

The value { integer | hostvar } specifies the variable in the descriptor area upon which the assignment(s) is performed.

Type checking is performed when doing SET ... DATA, to ensure that the variable in the descriptor area has the same type as the host variable. LONG VARCHAR and LONG BINARY are not supported by SET DESCRIPTOR ... DATA.

If an error occurs, the code is returned in the SQLCA.

Permissions

None.

Side effects

None.

See also
Standards and compatibility
  • SQL/2003   SQL/foundation feature outside core SQL.

Example

The following example sets the type of the column with position col_num in sqlda.

void set_type( SQLDA *sqlda, int col_num, int new_type )
{
    EXEC SQL BEGIN DECLARE SECTION;
    INT new_type1 = new_type;
    INT col = col_num;
    EXEC SQL END DECLARE SECTION;
    EXEC SQL SET DESCRIPTOR sqlda VALUE :col TYPE = :new_type1;
}

For a longer example, see ALLOCATE DESCRIPTOR statement [ESQL].