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SQL Anywhere 11.0.1 (Français) » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Reference » Using SQL » SQL statements » SQL statements (P-Z)

 

SET statement

Use this statement to assign a value to a SQL variable.

Syntax
SET identifier = expression
Remarks

The SET statement assigns a new value to a variable. The variable must have been previously created using a CREATE VARIABLE statement or DECLARE statement, or it must be an OUTPUT parameter for a procedure. The variable name can optionally use the Transact-SQL convention of an @ sign preceding the name. For example:

SET @localvar = 42

A variable can be used in a SQL statement anywhere a column name is allowed. If a column name exists with the same name as the variable, the variable value is used.

Variables are local to the current connection, and disappear when you disconnect from the database or use the DROP VARIABLE statement. They are not affected by COMMIT or ROLLBACK statements.

Variables are necessary for creating large text or binary objects for INSERT or UPDATE statements from embedded SQL programs because embedded SQL host variables are limited to 32,767 bytes.

Permissions

None.

Side effects

None.

See also
Standards and compatibility
  • SQL/2003   Persistent Stored Module feature.

Example

This simple example shows the creation of a variable called 'birthday', and uses SET to set the date to CURRENT DATE.

CREATE VARIABLE @birthday DATE;
    SET @birthday = CURRENT DATE;

The following code fragment inserts a large text value into the database.

EXEC SQL BEGIN DECLARE SECTION;
DECL_VARCHAR( 500 ) buffer;
/* Note: maximum DECL_VARCHAR size is 32765 */
EXEC SQL END DECLARE SECTION;

EXEC SQL CREATE VARIABLE hold_blob LONG VARCHAR;
EXEC SQL SET hold_blob = '';
for(;;) {
   /* read some data into buffer ... */
   size = fread( buffer, 1, 5000, fp );
   if( size <= 0 ) break;
   /* Does not work if data contains null chars */
   EXEC SQL SET hold_blob = hold_blob || :buffer;
}
EXEC SQL INSERT INTO some_table VALUES( 1, hold_blob );
EXEC SQL DROP VARIABLE hold_blob;

The following code fragment inserts a large binary value into the database.

EXEC SQL BEGIN DECLARE SECTION;
DECL_BINARY( 5000 ) buffer;
EXEC SQL END DECLARE SECTION;

EXEC SQL CREATE VARIABLE hold_blob LONG BINARY;
EXEC SQL SET hold_blob = '';
for(;;) {
   /* read some data into buffer ... */
   size = fread( &(buffer.array), 1, 5000, fp );
   if( size <= 0 ) break;
   buffer.len = size;
   /* add data to blob using concatenation */
   EXEC SQL SET hold_blob = hold_blob || :buffer;
}
EXEC SQL INSERT INTO some_table VALUES ( 1, hold_blob );
EXEC SQL DROP VARIABLE hold_blob;