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SQL Anywhere 12.0.0 » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Usage » Stored procedures and triggers » Using procedures, triggers, and batches » The structure of procedures and triggers

 

Declaring parameters for procedures

Procedure parameters appear as a list in the CREATE PROCEDURE statement. Parameter names must conform to the rules for other database identifiers such as column names. They must have valid data types, and can be prefixed with one of the keywords IN, OUT or INOUT. By default, parameters are INOUT parameters. These keywords have the following meanings:

  • IN   The argument is an expression that provides a value to the procedure.

  • OUT   The argument is a variable that could be given a value by the procedure.

  • INOUT   The argument is a variable that provides a value to the procedure, and could be given a new value by the procedure.

You can assign default values to procedure parameters in the CREATE PROCEDURE statement. The default value must be a constant, which may be NULL. For example, the following procedure uses the NULL default for an IN parameter to avoid executing a query that would have no meaning:



CREATE PROCEDURE CustomerProducts(
      IN customer_ID
                  INTEGER DEFAULT NULL )
RESULT ( product_ID INTEGER,
         quantity_ordered INTEGER )
BEGIN
   IF customer_ID IS NULL THEN
      RETURN;
   ELSE
      SELECT    Products.ID,
               sum( SalesOrderItems.Quantity )
        FROM   Products,
                 SalesOrderItems,
               SalesOrders
      WHERE SalesOrders.CustomerID = customer_ID
      AND SalesOrders.ID = SalesOrderItems.ID
      AND SalesOrderItems.ProductID = Products.ID
      GROUP BY Products.ID;
   END IF;
END;

The following statement assigns the DEFAULT NULL, and the procedure RETURNs instead of executing the query.

CALL CustomerProducts();
 See also