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SQL Anywhere 12.0.0 » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Usage » Querying and modifying data » Joins: Retrieving data from several tables » Inner and outer joins » Transact-SQL outer joins (*= or =*)

 

Transact-SQL outer join limitations
Note

Support for Transact-SQL outer join operators *= and =* is deprecated and will be removed in a future release.

There are several restrictions for Transact-SQL outer joins:

  • If you specify an outer join and a qualification on a column from the null-supplying table of the outer join, the results may not be what you expect. The qualification in the query does not exclude rows from the result set, but rather affects the values that appear in the rows of the result set. For rows that do not meet the qualification, a NULL value appears in the null-supplying table.

  • You cannot mix ANSI/ISO SQL syntax and Transact-SQL outer join syntax in a single query. If a view is defined using one dialect for an outer join, you must use the same dialect for any outer-join queries on that view.

  • A null-supplying table cannot participate in both a Transact-SQL outer join and a regular join or two outer joins. For example, the following WHERE clause is not allowed, because table S violates this limitation.

    WHERE R.x *= S.x
    AND S.y = T.y

    When you cannot rewrite your query to avoid using a table in both an outer join and a regular join clause, you must divide your statement into two separate queries, or use only ANSI/ISO SQL syntax.

  • You cannot use a subquery that contains a join condition involving the null-supplying table of an outer join. For example, the following WHERE clause is not allowed:

    WHERE R.x *= S.y
    AND EXISTS ( SELECT *
                 FROM T
                 WHERE T.x = S.x )