Host variables are defined by putting them into a declaration section. According to the ANSI embedded SQL standard, host variables are defined by surrounding the normal C variable declarations with the following:
EXEC SQL BEGIN DECLARE SECTION; /* C variable declarations */ EXEC SQL END DECLARE SECTION;
These host variables can then be used in place of value constants in any SQL statement. When the database server executes the statement, the value of the host variable is used. Host variables cannot be used in place of table or column names: dynamic SQL is required for this. The variable name is prefixed with a colon (:) in a SQL statement to distinguish it from other identifiers allowed in the statement.
In the SQL preprocessor, C language code is only scanned inside a DECLARE SECTION. So, TYPEDEF types and structures are not allowed, but initializers on the variables are allowed inside a DECLARE SECTION.
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