Simple encryption is equivalent to obfuscation and makes it more difficult for someone using a disk utility to look at the
file to decipher the data in your database. Simple encryption does not require a key to encrypt the database.
Strong database encryption technology makes a database inoperable and inaccessible without a key (password). An algorithm
encodes the information contained in your database and transaction log files so they cannot be deciphered.
In SQL Anywhere, the database administrator has control over four aspects of strong encryption, including:
The algorithm used to implement SQL Anywhere strong encryption is AES: a block encryption algorithm chosen as the new Advanced
Encryption Standard (AES) for block ciphers by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
You can also specify a separate FIPS-approved AES module for strong encryption using the AES_FIPS (128-bit) or AES256_FIPS
(256-bit) type. When the database server is started with the -fips option, you can run databases encrypted with AES, AES256,
AES_FIPS, or AES256_FIPS strong encryption, but not databases encrypted with simple encryption. Unencrypted databases can
also be started on the server when -fips is specified.
The SQL Anywhere security option must be installed on any computer used to run a database encrypted with AES_FIPS or AES256_FIPS.