With SQL Remote, messages are always sent two ways. The consolidated database sends messages containing publication updates to remote databases, and remote databases send updated data and receipt confirmation messages to the consolidated database.
When remote database users modify data, their changes are replicated to the consolidated database. When these changes are applied at the consolidated database, they become part of the consolidated database's publication, and are included with the updates sent to all remote databases (except the one the update came from). In this way, replication from remote database to remote database takes place via the consolidated database.
For example, if data in a publication at a consolidated database is updated, those updates are sent to the remote databases. Even if the data is never updated at the remote database, confirmation messages are still sent back to the consolidated database to keep track of the status of the replication.
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