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SQL Anywhere 11.0.0 » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Reference » Using SQL » SQL statements » SQL statements (A-D)



Use this statement to alter a materialized view.

ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW [ owner.]materialized-view-name { 
| { ADD PCTFREE percent-free-space | DROP PCTFREE }
percent-free-space : integer
  • SET HIDDEN clause   Use the SET HIDDEN clause to obfuscate the definition of a materialized view. This setting is irreversible. For more information, see Hiding materialized views.

  • ENABLE clause   Use the ENABLE clause to enable a disabled materialized view, making it available for the database server to use. This clause has no effect on a view that is already enabled. After using this clause, you must refresh the view to initialize it, and recreate any text indexes that were dropped when the view was disabled.

  • DISABLE clause   Use the DISABLE clause to disable use of the view by the database server. When you disable a materialized view, the database server drops the data and indexes for the view.

  • { ENABLE | DISABLE } USE IN OPTIMIZATION clause   Use this clause to specify whether you want the materialized view to be available the optimizer to use. If you specify DISABLE USE IN OPTIMIZATION, the materialized view is used only when executing queries that explicitly reference the view. The default is ENABLE USE IN OPTIMIZATION. See Enabling and disabling optimizer use of a materialized view.

  • ADD PCTFREE clause   Specify the percentage of free space you want to reserve on each page. The free space is used if rows increase in size when the data is updated. If there is no free space on a page, every increase in the size of a row on that page requires the row to be split across multiple pages, causing row fragmentation and possible performance degradation.

    The value of percent-free-space is an integer between 0 and 100. The value 0 specifies that no free space is to be left on each page—each page is to be fully packed. A high value causes each row to be inserted into a page by itself. If PCTFREE is not set, or is dropped, the default PCTFREE setting is applied according to the database page size (200 bytes for a 4 KB page size, and 100 bytes for a 2 KB page size).

  • DROP PCTFREE clause   Removes the PCTFREE setting currently in effect for the materialized view, and applies the default PCTFREE according to the database page size.

  • [ NOT ] ENCRYPTED clause   Specify whether to encrypt the materialized view data. By default, materialized view data is not encrypted at creation time. To encrypt a materialized view, specify ENCRYPTED. To decrypt a materialized view, specify NOT ENCRYPTED.

  • REFRESH clause   Use the REFRESH clause to change the refresh type for the materialized view:

    • IMMEDIATE REFRESH   Use the IMMEDIATE REFRESH clause to change a manual view to an immediate view. The manual view must be valid and uninitialized to change the refresh type to IMMEDIATE REFRESH. If the view is in an initialized state, execute a TRUNCATE statement to change the state to uninitialized before executing the ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW...IMMEDIATE REFRESH. See TRUNCATE statement.

      For information on conditions that must be met before you can alter the view to IMMEDIATE REFRESH, see Additional restrictions for immediate views.

    • MANUAL REFRESH   Use the MANUAL REFRESH clause to change an immediate view to a manual view.

    For more information about refresh types, see Types of materialized views (manual and immediate).

    For more information about statuses, see Materialized view statuses and properties.


If you alter a materialized view owned by another user, you must qualify the name by including the owner (for example, GROUPO.EmployeeConfidential). If you don't qualify the name, the database server looks for a materialized view with that name owned by you and alters it. If there isn't one, it returns an error.

When you disable a materialized view (DISABLE clause), it is no longer available for the database server to use for answering queries. As well, the data and indexes are dropped, and the refresh type changes to manual. Any dependent regular views dependent are also disabled.

The DISABLE clause requires exclusive access not only to the view being disabled, but to any dependent views, since they are also disabled. See Enabling and disabling materialized views.

Table encryption must already be enabled on the database to encrypt a materialized view (ENCRYPTED clause). The materialized view is then encrypted using the encryption key and algorithm specified at database creation time. See Encrypting and decrypting materialized views.


In order to execute the ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW statement you must own the view or have DBA authority.

If you do not have DBA authority but want to alter a materialized view to be immediate (ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW ... IMMEDIATE REFRESH), you must own the view as well as all of the tables it references.

The only operations a user can perform on a materialized view to change its data are refreshing, truncating, and disabling. However, immediate views are automatically updated by the database server. That is, once an immediate view is enabled and initialized, the database server maintains it automatically, without additional permissions checking.

Side effects

Automatic commit.

See also
Standards and compatibility
  • SQL/2003   Vendor extension.


The following statements creates the EmployeeConfid88 materialized view and then disables its use in optimization:

   SELECT EmployeeID, Employees.DepartmentID, SocialSecurityNumber, Salary, ManagerID,
      Departments.DepartmentName, Departments.DepartmentHeadID
   FROM Employees, Departments
   WHERE Employees.DepartmentID=Departments.DepartmentID;

When you are done with this example, you should drop the materialized view you created. Otherwise, you will not be able to make schema changes to its underlying tables Employees and Departments, when trying out other examples. You cannot alter the schema of a table that has enabled, dependent materialized view. See Dropping materialized views.