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SQL Anywhere 11.0.0 » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Usage » Designing and Creating Databases » Using transactions and isolation levels » Transaction blocking and deadlock » Transaction blocking » Deadlock


Determining who is blocked

You can use the sa_conn_info system procedure to determine which connections are blocked on which other connections. This procedure returns a result set consisting of a row for each connection. One column of the result set lists whether the connection is blocked, and if so which other connection it is blocked on.

For more information, see sa_conn_info system procedure.

You can also use the Deadlock event to take action when a deadlock occurs. The event handler can use the sa_report_deadlocks procedure to obtain information about the conditions that led to the deadlock. The database server provides more detailed information about the deadlock when used with the log_deadlocks option and when the RememberLastStatement feature is enabled.

The follow procedure shows you how to set up a table and system event that can be used to obtain information about deadlocks when they occur. If you find that your application has frequent deadlocks, you can use application profiling to help diagnose the cause of the deadlocks. See Tutorial: Diagnosing deadlocks.

To take action when a deadlock occurs

  1. Create a table to store the data returned from the sa_report_deadlocks system procedure:

    CREATE TABLE DeadlockDetails(
      snapshotId BIGINT,
      snapshotAt TIMESTAMP,
      waiter INTEGER,
      who VARCHAR(128),
      what LONG VARCHAR,
      object_id UNSIGNED BIGINT,
      record_id BIGINT,
      owner INTEGER,
      is_victim BIT,
      rollback_operation_count UNSIGNED INTEGER );
  2. Create an event that fires when a deadlock occurs.

    This event copies the results of the sa_report_deadlocks system procedure into a table and notifies an administrator about the deadlock:

    CREATE EVENT DeadlockNotification
    TYPE Deadlock
     SELECT snapshotId, snapshotAt, waiter, who, what, object_id, record_id,
            owner, is_victim, rollback_operation_count
        FROM sa_report_deadlocks ();
     CALL xp_startmail ( mail_user ='George Smith',
                         mail_password ='mypwd' );
     CALL xp_sendmail( recipient='DBAdmin',
                       subject='Deadlock details added to the DeadlockDetails table.' );
     CALL xp_stopmail ( );
  3. Set the log_deadlocks option to On:

    SET OPTION PUBLIC.log_deadlocks = 'On';
  4. Enable logging of the most-recently executed statement:

    CALL sa_server_option( 'RememberLastStatement', 'YES' );
See also