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SQL Anywhere 11.0.0 » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Usage » Querying and Modifying Data » Summarizing, grouping, and sorting query results » Performing set operations on query results with UNION, INTERSECT, and EXCEPT


Combining sets with the UNION statement

The UNION operator combines the results of two or more queries into a single result set.

By default, the UNION operator removes duplicate rows from the result set. If you use the ALL option, duplicates are not removed. The columns in the final result set have the same names as the columns in the first result set. Any number of union operators may be used.

By default, a statement containing multiple UNION operators is evaluated from left to right. Parentheses may be used to specify the order of evaluation.

For example, the following two expressions are not equivalent, due to the way that duplicate rows are removed from result sets:


In the first expression, duplicates are eliminated in the UNION between y and z. In the UNION between that set and x, duplicates are not eliminated. In the second expression, duplicates are included in the union between x and y, but are then eliminated in the subsequent union with z.