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SQL Anywhere 11.0.1 » SQL Anywhere Server - SQL Usage » Stored Procedures and Triggers » Using procedures, triggers, and batches » Introduction to triggers


Executing triggers

Triggers execute automatically whenever an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE operation is performed on the table named in the trigger. A row-level trigger fires once for each row affected, while a statement-level trigger fires once for the entire statement.

When an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE fires a trigger, the order of operation is as follows, depending on the trigger type (BEFORE or AFTER):

  1. BEFORE triggers fire.

  2. The operation itself is performed.

  3. Referential actions are performed.

  4. AFTER triggers fire.


When creating a trigger using the CREATE TRIGGER statement, if a trigger-type is not specified, the default is AFTER.

If any of the steps encounter an error not handled within a procedure or trigger, the preceding steps are undone, the subsequent steps are not performed, and the operation that fired the trigger fails.