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You can identify important states within a transaction and return to them selectively using savepoints to separate groups of related statements.
A SAVEPOINT statement defines an intermediate point during a transaction. You can undo all changes after that point using a ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT statement. Once a RELEASE SAVEPOINT statement has been executed or the transaction has ended, you can no longer use the savepoint. Note that savepoints do not have an effect on COMMITs. When a COMMIT is executed, all changes within the transaction are made permanent in the database.
No locks are released by the RELEASE SAVEPOINT or ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT commands: locks are released only at the end of a transaction.
Using named, nested savepoints, you can have many active savepoints within a transaction. Changes between a SAVEPOINT and a RELEASE SAVEPOINT can be canceled by rolling back to a previous savepoint or rolling back the transaction itself. Changes within a transaction are not a permanent part of the database until the transaction is committed. All savepoints are released when a transaction ends.
Savepoints cannot be used in bulk operations mode. There is very little additional overhead in using savepoints.
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