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SQL Anywhere 11.0.1 (中文) » SQL Anywhere 服务器 - SQL 参考 » 使用 SQL » SQL 语言元素 » 关键字



SQL 中的一些关键字也是保留字。要在 SQL 语句中使用保留字作为标识符,必须用双引号将它引起来。SQL 语句中出现的很多关键字都是保留字,但并非全部都是。例如,必须使用以下语法来检索名为 SELECT 的表的内容。


SQL 关键字不区分大小写,因此以下关键字可能会以大写形式、小写形式或两种形式的任意组合显示。与以下某个字仅在大小写形式上有所不同的所有字符串都是保留字。

如果使用嵌入式 SQL,可以利用数据库库函数 SQL_needs_quotes 确定一个字符串是否需要加上引号。如果一个字符串是保留字,或者包含标识符中通常不允许的字符,则该字符串需要加上引号。

SQL Anywhere 中有以下保留的 SQL 关键字:

add all alter and
any as asc attach
backup begin between bigint
binary bit bottom break
by call capability cascade
case cast char char_convert
character check checkpoint close
comment commit compressed conflict
connect constraint contains continue
convert create cross cube
current current_timestamp current_user cursor
date dbspace deallocate dec
decimal declare default delete
deleting desc detach distinct
do double drop dynamic
else elseif encrypted end
endif escape except exception
exec execute existing exists
externlogin fetch first float
for force foreign forward
from full goto grant
group having holdlock identified
if in index index_lparen
inner inout insensitive insert
inserting install instead int
integer integrated intersect into
is isolation join kerberos
key lateral left like
lock login long match
membership merge message mode
modify natural nchar new
no noholdlock not notify
null numeric nvarchar of
off on open openstring
option options or order
others out outer over
passthrough precision prepare primary
print privileges proc procedure
publication raiserror readtext real
reference references refresh release
remote remove rename reorganize
resource restore restrict return
revoke right rollback rollup
save savepoint scroll select
sensitive session set setuser
share smallint some sqlcode
sqlstate start stop subtrans
subtransaction synchronize syntax_error table
temporary then time timestamp
tinyint to top tran
trigger truncate tsequal unbounded
union unique uniqueidentifier unknown
unsigned update updating user
using validate values varbinary
varbit varchar variable varying
view wait waitfor when
where while window with
with_cube with_lparen with_rollup within
work writetext xml