You can express statements as nested queries, given the convenient syntax provided in the SQL language. However, rewriting nested queries as joins often leads to more efficient execution and more effective optimization, since SQL Anywhere can take better advantage of highly selective conditions in a subquery WHERE clause. In general, subquery un-nesting is always done for correlated subqueries with, at most, one table in the FROM clause, which are used in ANY, ALL, and EXISTS predicates. A uncorrelated subquery, or a subquery with more than one table in the FROM clause, is flattened if it can be decided, based on the query semantics, that the subquery returns at most one row.
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