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SAP Sybase SQL Anywhere 16.0 » SQL Anywhere Server - Programming » Embedded SQL » Host variables in embedded SQL » Indicator variables


Indicator variables: The SQL NULL value

Do not confuse the SQL concept of NULL with the C-language constant of the same name. In the SQL language, NULL represents either an unknown attribute or inapplicable information. The C-language constant represents a pointer value that does not point to a memory location.

When NULL is used in the SQL Anywhere documentation, it refers to the SQL database meaning given above. The C language constant is referred to as the null pointer (lowercase).

NULL is not the same as any value of the column's defined type. So, something extra is required beyond regular host variables to pass NULL values to the database or receive NULL results back. Indicator variables are used for this purpose.

 Using indicator variables when inserting NULL
 Using indicator variables when fetching NULL