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SAP Sybase SQL Anywhere 16.0 » SQL Anywhere Server - Programming » JDBC support » Data access using JDBC


Inserts, updates, and deletes using JDBC

Static SQL statements such as INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE, which do not return result sets, are executed using the executeUpdate method of the Statement class. Statements, such as CREATE TABLE and other data definition statements, can also be executed using executeUpdate.

The addBatch, clearBatch, and executeBatch methods of the Statement class may also be used. Due to the fact that the JDBC specification is unclear on the behavior of the executeBatch method of the Statement class, the following notes should be considered when using this method with the SQL Anywhere JDBC drivers:

  • Processing of the batch stops immediately upon encountering a SQL exception or result set. If processing of the batch stops, then a BatchUpdateException will be thrown by the executeBatch method. Calling the getUpdateCounts method on the BatchUpdateException will return an integer array of row counts where the set of counts prior to the batch failure will contain a valid non-negative update count; while all counts at the point of the batch failure and beyond will contain a -1 value. Casting the BatchUpdateException to a SQLException will provide additional details as to why batch processing was stopped.

  • The batch is only cleared when the clearBatch method is explicitly called. As a result, calling the executeBatch method repeatedly will re-execute the batch over and over again. In addition, calling execute(sql_query) or executeQuery(sql_query) will correctly execute the specified SQL query, but will not clear the underlying batch. Hence, calling the executeBatch method followed by execute(sql_query) followed by the executeBatch method again will execute the set of batched statements, then execute the specified SQL query, and then execute the set of batched statements again.

The following code fragment illustrates how to execute an INSERT statement. It uses a Statement object that has been passed to the InsertStatic method as an argument.

public static void InsertStatic( Statement stmt )
    int iRows = stmt.executeUpdate(
      "INSERT INTO Departments (DepartmentID, DepartmentName)"
      + " VALUES (201, 'Eastern Sales')" );
    // Print the number of rows inserted
    System.out.println(iRows + " rows inserted");
  catch (SQLException sqe)
    System.out.println("Unexpected exception : " +
              sqe.toString() + ", sqlstate = " +
  catch (Exception e)